India’s initiative to “cut the ground” India’s self-proclaimed own country is a “long-term trustworthy partner” in Bangladesh. Modi visited Bangladesh in June 2015, but the contradictions between the two countries are still deeply rooted. Not only are there a Resource allocation issues, as well as “enclaves” distributed over more than 4,000 kilometers of borders. The result of Modi’s visit was the handling of the ownership of about 150 small enclaves and the provision of a loan of 2 billion U.S. dollars to Bangladesh. It also tempted Bangladesh to temporarily stop buying submarines from East Asian countries. However, Bangladesh is clear that India has been able to change its overbearing style over territorial issues and handle disputes by “cutting ground” mainly because of the strategic competition between India and the East Asian powers. India would rather eat a small loss, do not want to offend Bangladesh, push it into the arms of opponents. Modi is also the United States called “neighbouring priority.”
- In November 2016, despite the opposition from India, Bangladesh still acquired two submarines made in China. In the meantime, a savvy Bangladesh will not totally offend India but will have a balance. It was also in 2016 that Bangladesh, due to various considerations, cancelled its plan to develop the port of Sonadhya with the East Asian countries in favour of Japan and India. India lost a melon, but got a delicious peach.
- Winning Bangladesh with “Indemnity” On April 8, 2017, Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina visited India and both sides signed a five-year framework agreement on military cooperation. The total number of agreements and memoranda reached 22. Modi also generously provided Bangladesh with a loan of 4.5 billion U.S. dollars. After the meeting, Modi, like Yan Dayue, took a big wave and added a credit line of 500 million U.S. dollars to help Bangladesh to purchase Indian-made military equipment by using white stripe pieces. China would like to actively bring Meng to the military through military assistance. India also plans to hold a joint pro-India military campaign with Bangladesh and cultivate the backbone of the Bangladeshi army so as to cultivate a “pro-Indian group” in Bangladesh in this way.
In the past four years, India has at least aided the country by 9 billion U.S. dollars, mainly in terms of infrastructure construction and military cooperation. Although it cannot be compared with the East Asian powers, this is already the biggest “indemnity” for India. In October 2016, Bangladesh received a total amount of aid of 23 billion U.S. dollars from East Asian countries. By using the contradictions between the two great powers, Bangladesh has already gained at least $ 32 billion in benefits. Why prefer to put down also to please Bangladesh? Indian hawks have no secret of intent to compete with the East Asian powers, India’s capital has entered the construction of three major ports in Bangladesh, including the new airport, highway reconstruction to wait 17 projects also have Indian participation. India is so concerned about Bangladesh, mainly to achieve “blue economic strategy.” Now, Seychelles, Sri Lanka and Mauritius have all joined in, and Bangladesh, on the side of India’s lying on the couch, has no reason to cruise.
In Modi’s “New India” initiative, Bangladesh is also an integral part. Even worse, Japan is still standing behind India. India’s “blue economic strategy” has already merged with Japan’s aggressive “Indian Ocean-Pacific Strategy,” and with Japan’s financial support, India has more confidence. India also made some gains against the “Port Battle” on the Indian Ocean coast.
- Bangladesh is well versed in “the way of survival for a small country.” From a population perspective, Bangladesh is a big country with a total of 163 million in 2016 statistics. However, in terms of territorial size and development, it is another small country. As the most densely populated country in the world, Bangladesh has only 147,500 square kilometers of land and 1252 inhabitants per square kilometer. In the meantime, Bangladesh’s GDP in 2016 was 221.415 billion U.S. dollars with a per capita income of only 1,359 U.S. dollars, making it one of the least developed countries. Bangladesh has long been regarded by India as the meat of its own mouth. Bangladesh was able to independence in 1971 and borrowed the power of India. The 46-year-old country, of course, is grateful to India and has also taken precautions against India. From the map, the territory of India is almost wrapped up in Bangladesh, and Bangladesh’s relationship with Myanmar is not very harmonious, so rely on India. With one and only one choice, the situation is often the worst. As Bangladesh is aware of this, Mongolia, like Mongolia, is actively developing its “third neighbor strategy.” In Asia, there is only a great power in East Asia that can have the strength and willingness to help itself, while at the same time making India dread.
In the foreseeable future, Bangladesh will strive to deal with several major powers at the same time, including the United States, India and Japan, and strive to maintain its independence and seek the best interests. If we do not elect to stand still and will not remain absolutely loyal to any one great nation, this principle has increasingly become the consensus of many small countries in Southeast Asia and South Asia.Tags: bangladesh, china, India